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Understanding Value Added Tax (VAT) in Bangladesh: A Comprehensive Guide for Businesses

Value Added Tax (VAT) is an indirect tax that is levied on the value added at each stage of production or distribution. In Bangladesh, VAT is a significant source of revenue for the government, and businesses are required to register for VAT and comply with the VAT laws. In this article, we'll provide a comprehensive guide to VAT in Bangladesh and what businesses need to know.

VAT Registration in Bangladesh

Businesses with an annual turnover of BDT 30 lakh or more are required to register for VAT. Registration is done online through the VAT Online System (VOS) of the National Board of Revenue (NBR). Businesses need to provide their business information, including their trade license, TIN certificate, bank account details, and contact information. Once registered, businesses are issued a VAT registration certificate.

VAT Rates in Bangladesh

The standard VAT rate in Bangladesh is 15%. However, certain goods and services are exempt from VAT or subject to a reduced rate. For example, exports, medicines, educational services, and public transport are exempt from VAT. Meanwhile, some goods, such as books and newspapers, are subject to a reduced rate of 5%.

VAT Returns and Payments

Registered businesses are required to file VAT returns every month or every quarter, depending on their turnover. The VAT return includes details of the business's purchases, sales, and VAT collected and paid. The return must be filed within the 15th day of the following month or quarter.

Businesses are also required to pay VAT on a monthly or quarterly basis. The VAT payable is calculated based on the VAT collected on sales and the VAT paid on purchases. Any excess VAT collected can be carried forward as credit for future periods.

VAT Audit and Compliance

The NBR may conduct VAT audits to ensure compliance with VAT laws. Businesses must maintain proper records and books of accounts to facilitate the audit process. The audit may cover aspects such as VAT registration, VAT returns and payments, and compliance with the VAT laws.


VAT is a significant source of revenue for the government in Bangladesh, and businesses are required to comply with VAT laws. Understanding the VAT registration process, VAT rates, and compliance requirements is crucial for businesses operating in Bangladesh. At OG Accountants, we provide VAT services to help businesses comply with VAT laws and manage their VAT compliance efficiently. Contact us today to learn how we can help your business navigate the complexities of VAT in Bangladesh.

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