If your business deals with inventory, then understanding International Accounting Standard 2 (IAS 2) is critical. IAS 2 sets out the accounting principles for inventory, including how to recognize, measure, and report inventory in financial statements. In this article, we'll provide an overview of IAS 2 and explain how to apply it to your business.
What is IAS 2?
IAS 2 is a financial reporting standard issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). It sets out the accounting principles for inventory, including how to recognize, measure, and report inventory in financial statements. The standard aims to ensure that inventory is reported at its net realizable value, which is the amount a business can reasonably expect to receive from selling the inventory in the normal course of business.
What is Inventory?
Inventory refers to goods that a business holds for sale or for use in the production of goods or services. Inventory can include raw materials, work-in-progress, and finished goods. Proper accounting for inventory is important because it affects a business's financial statements, including its balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows.
Recognition and Measurement of Inventory
Under IAS 2, inventory is recognized when it is probable that economic benefits associated with the inventory will flow to the entity, and the cost of the inventory can be measured reliably. The cost of inventory includes all costs of purchase, costs of conversion, and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition.
Inventory is generally measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and sale.
IAS 2 requires certain disclosures in a business's financial statements. These disclosures include the accounting policies used in measuring inventory, the carrying amount of inventories, and the amount of any write-down of inventories.
Proper accounting for inventory is essential for any business that deals with inventory. IAS 2 provides the accounting principles for inventory, including recognition, measurement, and reporting. By following IAS 2, businesses can ensure that their inventory is reported at its net realizable value and that their financial statements accurately reflect the value of their inventory. At OG Accountants, we can help your business navigate IAS 2 and ensure compliance with the standard. Contact us today to learn more.